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Australian distributors feedback that users need to measure the hardness of the HAZ heat affected zone of the weldment on site, but the width of the HAZ area is only 1.5~2mm, which cannot be effectively measured due to the large impact indentation of the Leeb hardness tester.
At present, the most effective portable hardness tester for measuring the HAZ heat affected zone is the ultrasonic hardness tester. We recommend the SU-300+50N HP-5K manual probe. Because the diameter of the ultrasonic hardness tester resonant rod is only 2.46mm, the indenter is a conical diamond indenter, and the width of the indentation after the test is about 0.35mm, the HAZ can be easily tested by using the standard manual probe cap of our company. The highest hardness of HAZ is one of the important indicators for evaluating the weldability of steel grades, which is more accurate than carbon equivalent. The highest hardness of the welding heat-affected zone is used as a factor to evaluate metal weldability (including cold crack susceptibility), which not only reflects the effect of the chemical composition of the steel bell, but also reflects the effect of different microstructures formed under the influence of welding process parameters.
Because the hardness and strength have a certain corresponding relationship, that is, the higher the strength, the higher the corresponding hardness. Therefore, the highest hardness of the welding heat-affected zone also reflects the strength of the welding heat-affected zone, and the high strength of the welding heat-affected zone will lead to its reduction in plasticity, so that cracks are easily formed or cracks are easy to expand. In addition, the hardness values of different microstructures are also different. In steel, the hardness value of high-carbon martensite (twin martensite) is the highest, and the plasticity and toughness of high-carbon martensite are the worst. The highest hardness in the affected zone can also indirectly reflect the performance of the joint. The higher the value of the maximum hardness value of the welding heat affected zone, the higher the strength of the welding heat affected zone, the worse the toughness and plasticity. In addition, in welded parts such as steam turbine rotors, the performance testing methods are limited because the workpiece cannot be damaged. As a convenient and reliable detection method, hardness has significant advantages. Therefore, in important structures, there is a certain limit on the maximum hardness of the welding heat-affected zone, and it is used as one of the evaluation indicators.
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