For landscape photography, the lens is the most decisive photographic tool.
The best course is to cover all the lens focal length configuration, both zoom and fixed focus, aperture the bigger the better. But the reality is often either can not afford such costs, can not carry so many shots, so we still have to be trade-offs. The choice is mainly based on their habits and preferences of photography, taking into account the purchasing power of their own physical fitness and carry equipment.
1. Telephoto and wide-angle
In one view, wide angle for shooting scenery, telephoto for portraits. But in fact, both the need for wide-angle landscape photography, but also need to telephoto. Compared to the wide-angle lens was great symphony conductor, the telephoto compared to instrumental solo performer. This argument though not necessarily, but more image.
By definition, wide-angle lens in landscape photography that can accommodate a wider range of information, so more suitable for large magnificent scene. Compared to a telephoto lens from the clutter of the scene cut out the most interesting content.
The theme of landscape photography is sometimes composed of a single element, sometimes consisting of many elements. In a single element, as long as the perspective of a variety of lenses to allow, can be a very good performance of the theme, although the effect may be completely the same performance.
A lot of very successful films often have a lot of landscape photography elements. In the case of many elements, sometimes need a wide angle to accommodate them in, sometimes need to compress the perspective of unrelated elements added together. At this time, wide-angle lens and telephoto lens elements in the organization have very different photographic functions, they can not replace each other.
In practice, the use of wide-angle lens is often more difficult, especially in view of the lens greater than 24mm. Because it contains too much information, photos, the theme of the course in the organization vulnerable to a variety of problems, such as too many distracting elements, organizational disorder screen cluttered and so on. Perspective distortion of wide-angle lens itself is often difficult to control the side effects.
For starters, perhaps more telephoto ability to help develop observation and easier to shoot the pictures, and record wide-angle may be a better tool, a good number of films is more difficult. In short, telephoto and wide-angle landscape photography are not neglected, a view equivalent to 135 24 ~ 105mm zoom lens camera can be a good starting point.
Similar high-end Fuji S9500 that a fixed lens digital camera provides a focal length of near perfect choice, it's manual zoom lens covers the focal length of 28 ~ 300mm section, whether it is grand spectacle, or the details of the distance pieces can be beautiful easy access.
2. Large aperture and fixed focus
In one view, the wide-angle lens landscape photography is not necessary to stress that a large aperture. Although we more often landscape photography you need to shrink the aperture, but does not mean that a large aperture lens is not important. A lot of dark room and night lighting conditions, especially in the human environment of landscape photography, a tripod is helpless, a large aperture lens is record-specific light environment of the weapon. Therefore, f2.8 to f4 large aperture zoom lens than the more widely applicable environment.
However, it is difficult to achieve f1.x zoom lens aperture, f2.8 is the general to the limit. Therefore, many digital SLR users will choose a large aperture prime lens to meet the specific lighting conditions. The difference is that with the portrait photography, scenery photographer at this time will tend to choose wide-angle fixed focus lens, such as 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, in the use of large aperture still has enough depth of field, and avoid too much background blur. Large aperture wide-angle fixed focus lens has a sufficient under normal circumstances.
3. The use of polarization microscopy
Many landscape photographers are accustomed to twisting in front of the camera has been a polarizing microscope, especially when the light is better. Polarizer can eliminate the air diffuse light and increase the degree of air permeability, so that more blue sky, you can eliminate some of those annoying reflective surface, eliminating the formation of surface reflectance of high spot of light to improve the color saturation .
In the sun, polarized light microscope is almost indispensable tool for landscape photography. Polarizer in the other use is gray density as a mirror, can reduce the exposure time of at least 2 files. Shooting waterfalls, streams, and other topics, the long exposure blur effect can be obtained, and a polarizer can help you in case of strong light to 2 times longer exposure time, two twisted polarizer you can extend more than 4 times.
2 pieces of glass polarizer is composed of relatively thick, wide-angle lens on the vulnerable in the dark corners. Therefore, it should be specially equipped for the wide-angle lens thin polarizer.